For the Persian name, see Peyman.
“Labal” redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Labal, Iran.[external_link_head]
Paimon is a spirit named in The Lesser Key of Solomon (in the Ars Goetia), Johann Weyer’s Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal, the Livre des Esperitz (as “Poymon”), the Liber Officiorum Spirituum (as Paymon), The Book of Abramelin, and certain French editions of The Grimoire of Pope Honorius (as Bayemon); as well as British Library, Sloane MS 3824.[external_link offset=1]
Rank and relation to other spirits
The Goetia and Weyer begin entries on King Paimon noting that he is quite obedient to Lucifer.
King Paimon appears as the ninth spirit in the Goetia, the twenty-second spirit in the Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, and in the Dictionnaire Infernal. In the Liber Officiorum Spirituum, he is first listed as the sixth spirit and later as the third king.
The Goetia, Weyer, de Plancy, Livre des Esperitz, Liber Officiorum Spirituum, and Sloane MS 3824 all rank Paimon as a king. The Livre des Espiritz, Sloane MS 3824, and the Grimoire of Pope Honorius specify that King Paimon is king of the west. In the Book of Abramelin (where his appearance is given no description), he is instead one of the eight dukes.
The Goetia, Weyer, and de Plancy warn that if King Paimon appears alone, a sacrifice must be made to summon Lebal, the most devoted to Lucifer, and Abalam, two kings who serve under him but do not always accompany him. These three sources state that he rules 200 legions of spirits, some of which are of the order of Angels and the rest Powers. The Livre des Esperitz, on the other hand, credits him with just 25 legions of spirits. Sloane MS 3824 mentions him as employing a “bishop” named Sperion, among other spirits.
Critical editions of the Lesser Key of Solomon list him as a former Dominion. Weyer notes a confusion over whether he was a former Dominion or Cherub. According to Thomas Rudd, King Paimon is opposed by the Shemhamphorasch angel Haziel.
Practicing occultist Carroll “Poke” Runyon suggests that the name ultimately derives from “a Middle Eastern Pagan Goddess”, on the grounds that some manuscripts depict King Paimon as a young man riding a camel, and that the name “Paimon” purportedly meant “a tinkling sound” in an unspecified language, in turn a claimed reference to Isis. This is part of an overall claim that the Lesser Key of Solomon was by Solomon and rooted in Mesopotamian mythology.[external_link offset=2]
In the Goetia, Weyer, de Plancy, Livre des Esperitz, Liber Officiorum Spirituum, and Sloane MS 3824, he is described as a man riding a Dromedary camel, preceded by men playing loud music (particularly trumpets). Sloane MS 3824 describes the camel as crowned, while the rest describe King Paimon himself as crowned. The Goetia itself makes no mention of King Paimon’s face, while the rest describe him as having a beautiful face but still refer to him using masculine pronouns.
Sloane MS 3824 and the Liber Officiorum Spirituum describe him as having a “Hoarse Voice”, and those works, Weyer, and the Goetia note that he must be commanded to speak plainly, with the Liber Officiorum Spirituum specifying that King Paimon will speak in his native language until commanded to converse in the summoner’s own language.
The Goetia, Weyer, Livre des Esperitz, and the Liber Officiorum Spirituum all describe him as teaching science and answering other questions. The Goetia and Weyer specify that his knowledge includes all arts and “secret Things” [sic], such as knowledge regarding the Earth, its waters, and the winds. The Livre des Esperitz and the Liber Officiorum Spirituum broaden this to truthfully answering all questions asked of him, with the former source also claiming that he can reveal hidden treasures and the latter highlighting that he knows all the affairs of the world. The Goetia, Weyer, and the Livre des Esperitz also claim he has the ability to bestow dignities and lordships. The Goetia and Weyer credited him with granting familiars (who are likewise good at teaching). The Liber Officiorum Spirituum uniquely gives him command over fish. Sloane MS 3824 mentions Paimon in “An Experiment to Cause a Thief to Return”.
In Abramelin, King Paimon’s powers include knowledge of past and future events, clearing up doubts, making spirits appear, creating visions, acquiring and dismissing servant spirits, reanimating the dead for several years, flight, remaining underwater indefinitely, and general abilities to “make all kinds of things” (and) “all sorts of people and armor appear” at the behest of the magician.
- Ghoulies, a 1984 horror film
- The Last Exorcism, a 2010 horror film
- Last Shift, a 2014 horror film
- Hereditary, a 2018 horror film
- Genshin Impact, a 2020 action role-playing game with a character named Paimon
- Ashmole, Elias (2009). Rankine, David (ed.). The Book of Treasure Spirits. Avalonia Books. ISBN 0908603917.
- Boudet, Jean-Patrice (2003). “Les who’s who démonologiques de la Renaissance et leurs ancêtres médiévaux”. Médiévales. Langues, Textes, Histoire. Médiévales (in French). Revues.org (44): 117–140. doi:10.4000/medievales.1019.
- Peterson, Joseph H., ed. (2001). Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis: The Lesser Key of Solomon, Detailing the Ceremonial Art of Commanding Spirits Both Good and Evil. Maine: Weiser Books. ISBN 0908603917-X.
- Peterson, Joseph H., ed. (2007). Grimoirium Verum. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. ISBN 0908603917.
- de Plancy, Jacques Collin (1853). Dictionnaire infernal (in French). Paris: Sagnier et Bray.
- Porter, John (2011). Campbell, Colin D. (ed.). A Book of the Office of Spirits. Translated by Hockley, Frederick. Teitan Press. ISBN 0908603917.
- Porter, John; Weston, John (2015). Harms, Daniel; Clark, James R.; Peterson, Joseph H. (eds.). The Book of Oberon: A Sourcebook for Elizabethan Magic (first ed.). Llewellyn Publications. ISBN 0908603917.
- Rudd, Thomas (2007). Skinner, Stephen; Rankine, David (eds.). The Goetia of Dr Rudd. Golden Hoard Press. ISBN 0908603917.
- Runyon, Carroll “Poke” (1996). The Book of Solomon’s Magick. Church of Hermetic Sciences, Incorporated. ISBN 0908603917X.
- Weyer, Johann (1563). Peterson, Joseph H. (ed.). Pseudomonarchia Daemonum (Liber officiorum spirituum). Twilit Grotto: Esoteric Archives (published 2000).
- von Worms, Abraham (2006). Dehn, Georg (ed.). The Book of Abramelin: A New Translation. Translated by Guth, Steven. Lake Worth, Florida: Ibis Press. ISBN 0908603917.